As the U.S. unemployment rate climbs to over 20 percent, states are under increasing pressure to lift restrictions on businesses put in place to curb the spread of the coronavirus. Governors face a tremendous burden deciding when, how, and which businesses to open given that a vaccine is still many months away and the U.S. continues to lead the world in coronavirus cases. The result is a patchwork of state-wide policies and three multi-state coalitions in the Northeast, West, and Midwest that hope to coordinate reopening measures.
Governors and state policymakers are not alone in this battle. The infrastructure industry also has an important role to play in softening the impact of the coronavirus pandemic. Not only is infrastructure a historically solid jobs creator, the industry can also engineer solutions to social distancing and virus detection, help policymakers plan for the future, and design for a more equitable, resilient tomorrow.
We’ve identified three steps to ‘reopening’ that states and companies should follow for best results. The infrastructure industry is instrumental to all three.
- Ensuring a safe return to operations
- Planning a phased return-to-service
- Preparing for the ‘new normal’
Safe return to operations
Our economy will not be able to sustain an indefinite economic shutdown. At the same time, the search for a vaccine isn’t going to end soon, meaning any reopening will require increased constraints. First and foremost, states and companies must ensure employees and clients are protected to the fullest extent possible. This will require a comprehensive system of controls, beginning with proper personal protective equipment (PPE) for those who require it. It will also necessitate changes to the way we work. Can floor markings or dividers direct the flow of traffic? Are there new cleaning protocols we can adopt? What about new ways of scheduling work? Accommodations must be made for vulnerable individuals and new protocols adopted for visitors.
While the pandemic and its impact are unprecedented, many engineered solutions have already been put to the test – in pandemics, weather events, and public gatherings. Floor plan layouts can be adjusted to maintain proper distancing, for example, and crowd control solutions can be adapted from theme parks and other entertainment venues. Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) flow rates can be adjusted, and contactless entry adopted.
To mitigate the risk of a coronavirus resurgence, measures will be needed to detect the virus, using multiple data points to quickly pinpoint hotspots and prevent further spread. Contamination can be detected through wastewater at the point of origin or at wastewater treatment plants. Instruments used to test air quality can be fitted to test for air-borne viruses. Thermal imaging can help employees stay safe and increased availability of medical testing for the virus will ensure those who contract it will not infect others. By enabling holistic virus detection at the waste, air, thermal, and medical testing levels, a safe return is possible.
Phased return to service
It will take time for people to feel safe enough to return to some level of normal working practices after the pandemic. Moving from a partial to a full return to service will require a phased approach, as the experience of our global colleagues where this has begun demonstrates. Scenario modelling and multi-channel communications about the safety measures have been put in place can ease this process.
Planning for a phased return to service requires consideration of multiple, interrelated factors. Transit agencies, for example, will need to determine which routes are likely to be most in demand, the number of users, optimal capacity, the number of trains, busses, or subways to put into service and on what timetables. AECOM has been helping transit agencies plan a return to service with scenario modelling based on proprietary algorithms and partnerships with big data providers. Our Mobilitics™ and Plan$pend tools are able to evaluate multiple factors through customized ‘what-if’ scenarios which can help agencies plan a return to service as well as investments for the future.
Preparing for the ‘new’ normal
Finally, we must ask ourselves – what are we returning to? Changes to the way people experience the world may last far beyond the pandemic. If more people continue to work from home, what will be the implications for office spaces, and for roads that now have less commuters? How can transit investment adapt to changing rider preferences, and lower ridership? Will education be forever altered now that distance learning is a reality? What about healthcare? Will smaller hospitals take the place of large centralized locations where viruses can spread more easily? What about the impacts of telemedicine on the medical campus?